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Tai Chi Chuan Fighter (2 part) 

However these factors are not enough to guarantee success. Instead, excellence within martial Tai Chi Chuan, is dictated by achieving three fundamental Tai Chi Chuan concepts, each represented by single chinese character.


The chinese character Tun, is written by placing the character for 'concentration' within a closed square. Tun, when literally translated is said to describe 'uniting' or 'grouping together' The principle of Tun is fundamental in Tai Chi Chuan practice. When the mind, body, and the spirit unite as one entity, a formidable force is formed. By being able to combine the potency of Chi energy, with the co-ordinated movements of the body, together with the intention of the mind or as we call 'Yi', achieves a unity that produces devastating effect. Tai 

Chi training may sometimes only involve developing one or two individual elements at a time. However, a truly gifted Tai Chi Chuan practitioner will be able bring all these individual elements together so that the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. Tun is a truly a universal concept that is not only seen in the martial aspect of Tai Chi Chuan but in all others. Watch a lion stalk it's prey. The unity of controlled power, bodily movements, and intention of action, are distinctly potent. A true master performing his form, should have much the same quality.



Zhun, or accuracy, and focus, is also a pre-requisite to achieving martial ability. Without accuracy and focus, any substance, power, and ability would be rendered useless. Whilst 'Tun' and unity allows us to cultivate force, 'Zhun' gives us the accurate direction of attack. Much like the same way a lens is used to collect and then pinpoint sunlight, we must maintain a state where we are able to focus and channel our abilities for maximal gain. In Tai Chi Chuan, 'Zhun', or accuracy and focus are less important if 'Tun' or unity is absent. More often than not, the inability to achieve 'Tun' is due to the practitioner unable to project the Chi energy through their movements effectively. By practising the movements too softly and slowly (Yin), or too rigid and hard (Yang), will inhibit the flow of Chi. Thus by ensuring a balance between Yin and Yang, Chi flow is more easily maintained. Like reeling silk from a cocoon, the amount of tension used must be correct. Too soft and the thread will sag and tangle. Too much tension instead, and the thread will break. Only by maintaining the correct tension will lead to success break. Only by maintaining the correct tension will lead to success.

Hun is the factor that distinguishes between a good and an exceptional fighter. Literally translated it is a trait that encompasses all the elements of ferocity, cruelty and viciousness. 

It is little less than natural killer instinct. However 'hun' must not be confused with emotion, such as anger or revenge which instead cloud judgement, suppleness, and clarity of thought - the qualities we need most in combat. Like the lion stalking it's prey, it is patient, motionless in the reeds, with the mind focused on one single aim. Ready to seize the prey without remorse, only at the perfect moment. Yet unlike the lion, Tai Chi Chuan is a measured art with tremendous power. The need to kill is not always a matter of necessity or survival. Instead the 'hun' in Tai Chi Chuan is carefully titrated and measured to neutralise the varying potencies of opposition, as quickly and efficiently as possible.


This is the makings of an exceptional Tai Chi Chuan fighter, the unity of skills, the accuracy of attack, and the courage of his convictions.